H264 structure

H.264 codec Note

• Elements of a video Sequence o Frames o Slices o MBs (macroblocks) • Frame Types o I-, P-, B-frames o GOP (group of picture), specifies the order in which intra- and inter-frames are arranged. o NAL (Network Abstraction Layer) v SPS (Sequence parameter set) v PPS (Picture parameter set) v IDR (Instantaneous Decoder Refresh), every IDR frame is an I-frame, but not vice versa, • Coding Tools o Entropy Coding